The Evolution of Life

The poem depicts the various forms of life i.e. microbes, viruses etc. found on the planet Earth. These are important components of our ecosystem. The life forms have evolved through millions of years by different mechanisms like genetic mutations, adaptation to their habitats and surroundings. Genes are the basic unit of inheritance consisting of DNA. Mutations lead to alterations in DNA sequences thereby altering the genetic makeup of an organism. This results in altered gene or protein function and thus, new traits in organisms. The changes introduced by mutations are the main cause of diversity. Further, the interactions between inherited mutations and environment play their roles.

The Big Four Deadliest Snakes in India

Continuing our drive to raise awareness and educate the public, we present an infographic on India’s Big four deadliest snakes. With the help of these infographics, we try to bring specific issues to the public’s attention. We bring together a group of talented graphic illustrators and content writers to create content that provides knowledge and enablesContinue reading “The Big Four Deadliest Snakes in India”

From micro to macro: How I walked from a lab to a newsroom

Aswathi Pacha is a science journalist with The Indian Express. As her Twitter bio points, she was on her way to becoming a scientist, but spacetime warped, making her a science communicator. Aswathi studied B.Sc microbiology and M.Sc Marine Sciences before moving to science journalism. She has over four years of experience with two national newspapers, The Hindu and The Indian Express.

How My Curiosity for Food Led Me to A Career in Food Science

My journey in science started with my curiosity over natural phenomena occurring in our universe. This inquisitiveness gave me an increased focus on subjects like physics and biology during my high-school education. Particularly, I was greatly drawn by the concept of the food web and how the whole ecosystem is interconnected by the common factor “food”. 

Saving Pink gold!

Selva Kumar, a shrimp farm owner, and several hundred others in the coastal state of Andhra Pradesh, had no idea that their crop was harboring a viral disease, not until their ponds had turned into graveyards merely 5 days into the crop cycle. It cost them their entire produce and additional thousands of rupees to identify the cause in the first place. Such incidents resurface time and again, calling our attention to the depressed state of an otherwise booming industry.


Biofilms are resilient and organized communities of microbes embedded in a glue-like matrix of extracellular polymers. Bacteria and fungi form biofilms on biotic and abiotic surfaces, such as tooth enamel, skin, mucosa, catheters, prosthetic valves, as well as water pipelines and filtration units. In the human body, biofilms mediate a range of infections including chronic wound infections, pneumonia, endocarditis, and eye, ear and implant-associated infections, posing a significant challenge and burden to the healthcare industry. Food, dairy, and pharmaceutical industries are also impacted by microbial biofilms as they cause contamination, hinder manufacturing processes, and may lead to economic losses.

Infographic: Breastfeeding Advantages and Benefits with Contraindicating factors on Maternal and Infant health outcomes

Breast  milk  is  far  superior  and  unique  for  feeding  infants.  It  is  of  changing  composition  as  it  is  the  secretion  of  the  mammary  glands  rather  than  a  uniform  body  fluid.  There  are  a  lot  of  changes  between  different  stages  of  milk  secretion  like  foremilk,  hindmilk,  colostrum,  transitional  or  mature  milk.  The  changes  are  also  observed  during  the  course  of  lactation  and  even  between  different  timings  in  a  day.  Tremendous  research  studies  have  highlighted  its  nutritional,  developmental,  social,  immunological,  psychological,  economic,  environmental  and  health  related  benefits  due  to  breastfeeding  practice  and  from  breast  milk  itself.  Both  maternal  and  infant  health  outcomes  were  found  to  be  improved  in  both  developing  and  industrialized  countries  in  the  world.